Gorumara National Park is located at the Himalayan foothills in northern West Bengal in Dooars region. It is a medium-sized park with grasslands and forests. It is usually known for its population of Indian rhinoceros. The park has been declared as the best among the protected areas in India by the Ministry of Environment and Forests for the year 2009.
On account of its breeding population of Indian rhinoceros Gorumara was declared as a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1949, having been a reserve forest since 1895. It was granted official status as an Indian National Park on 31st January, 1994. Originally the park was as small as 7 km2. Since then Gorumara has grown by incorporating neighboring lands to about 80 km2.
It is situated just at the foothills of Eastern Himalaya in Terai region, on the flood plains in Murti, Raidak. Jaldhaka a Tributary of Brahmaputra flows just beside the National Park. Gorumara has mixed vegetation of forest & grassland.
Gorumara National Park
Gorumara National Park area has come up as a tourist destination during the last decade. There has been substantial increase in tourist arrival in recent years. Today the area around the forest has the largest concentration of tourist accommodation in Dooars. Authorities have increased the number of jungle safari over the years.
Teak, simul, siris, khair are also found here. The park is breathtaking with its rivers and mountain ranges. Besides the One-Horned Rhinoceros, the park includes Indian Elephant, Indian Bison, leopard, and different species of deer, turtles, pythons, monkeys etc. and more than 200 species of birds.
North Bengal State Transport Corporation Buses are available from Siliguri to Alipurduar via Madarihat. The best time to visit Gorumara is from November to March. The park is closed in the monsoon season from 16 June to 15 September. A visit to Budhuram Forest Village in the evening for ethnic dances and visit the Lataguri Nature Interpretation Center is also recommended.