India's Northeast is a land of undulating hills and plains with luxuriant green cover and a wide variety or rare and exotic flora and fauna. Consisting of 8 states Northeast India has some real surprises for the travelers. Not so much established on the tourist map, yet the North Eastern India, has its own charm that will sweep you off your feet. Come here for once and lose yourself in its charismatic magic.
Northeast India consists of the eight states Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura. Tourism in this area is based around the unique Himalayan landscape and culture distinct from the rest of India.
Nagaland - The land of festivals:
Nagaland is a state in the far north-eastern part of India. It borders the state of Assam to the west, Arunachal Pradesh and part of Assam to the north, Myanmar to the east and Manipur to the south. The state capital is Kohima, and the largest city is Dimapur. It has an area of 16,579 km² with a population of 2,280,602 as per the 2012 census, making it one of the smallest states of India.
The state is inhabited by 16 major tribes - Ao, Angami, Chang, Konyak, Lotha, Sumi, Chakhesang, Khiamniungan, Kachari, Phom, Rengma, Sangtam, Yimchungrü, Kuki, Zeliang and Pochury as well as a number of sub-tribes. Each tribe is unique in character with its own distinct customs, language and dress. Two threads common to all, is language and religion - English is in predominant use and Nagaland is one of three states in India where the population is predominantly Christian, with conversions starting in the British Raj era.
Kohima Gate, Nagaland
Nagaland became the 16th state of the Indian Union on 1 December 1963. Agriculture is the most important economic activity and the principal crops include rice, corn, millets, pulses, tobacco, oilseeds, sugarcane, potatoes, and fibers. Other significant economic activity includes forestry, tourism, insurance, real estate, and miscellaneous cottage industries.
Nagaland is mostly mountainous except those areas bordering Assam valley in Northeast India. Mount Saramati is the highest peak with a height of 3,840 meters and its range forms a natural barrier between Nagaland and Burma. The state is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna; it has been suggested as the "falcon capital of the world".
Nagaland is rich in flora and fauna. About one-sixth of Nagaland is under the cover of tropical and sub-tropical evergreen forests—including palms, bamboo, rattan as well as timber and mahogany forests. While some forest areas have been cleared forjhum cultivation, many scrub forests, high grass, reeds; secondary dogs, pangolins, porcupines, elephants, leopards, bears, many species of monkeys, sambar, harts, oxen, and buffaloes thrive across the state's forests. The Great Indian Hornbill is one of the most famous birds found in the state. Blyth's Tragopan, a vulnerable species of pheasant, is the state Bird of Nagaland. It is sighted in Mount Japfü and Dzükou Valley of Kohima district, Satoi range in Zunheboto district and Pfütsero in Phek district. Of the mere 2500 tragopans sighted in the world, Dzukou valley is the natural habitat of more than 1,000.
By Air: Dimapur has the only Airport in Northeast India state of Nagaland at the moment. Direct flights connect the airport to Guwahati and Kolkata and connections can be made from all other airports in India.
By Rail: Dimapur has a railway station on the main line of the Northeast Frontier Railway. It is well connected to Guwahati, with a number of trains that shuttle between the two stations every day. Guwahati, on the other hand, has direct train lines with most major Indian cities.
By Road: A number of taxis ply from Dimapur to Kohima. Night buses connect Dimapur and Kohima to Guwahati and Shillong (Meghalaya). A very convenient way for reaching Kohima is to take the train or flight to Dimapur and then rent a taxi to Kohima. The Dimapur taxi stand is adjacent to the Railway Station.
Places to visit in Nagaland:
- Dimapur- A historically potent destination, Dimapur is blessed with exquisite natural beauty. It is the ancient capital of Damasi Kachari tribe kingdom and is also known as the ‘Gateway of Nagaland’. In Naga language, Dimapur means ‘The city near a great river’.
Points to cover: Chumukedima Village, The Kachari Ruins and Sumi Town Baptist Church
- Kohima- The capital city of Nagaland, Kohima is the land of the Angami Naga tribe. It is situated on the foothills of Japfu range. It is the second largest city in the state and indeed have very beautiful tourist place too. Kohima has a cool winter and hot but rainy summers. The coldest months are from December to February, when frost occurs, and in the higher altitudes snowfall occurs occasionally. It is one of the most visit tourist Places in Nagaland.
Points to cover: Kohima War Cemetery and Kohima Museum
- Diezephe- Diezephe is a village near the town of Dimapur which has come into lime light recently as a handicraft commercial hub of Nagaland. The village is 20 kilometers from the city of Dimapur. The village has taken a significant place in craft export to other states in recent times. The Tenyimei community is the primary inhabitants of the village and is known for their excellent craftsmanship, with deft woodcarving, bamboo and cane work and other forms of handloom and handicrafts products. It is one of the must visit tourist Places in Nagaland.
Points to cover: Craft Village and Nagaland Zoological Park
- Ntangki National Park- Located 40 km from the town of Peren and about 37 km from Dimapur is the Ntangki National Park also known as the Intanki by many. Spread over a distance of 200 sq km, this park was established by the British administrators in the year 1923. Considered one of the best National Parks in the North East, it has thick rain forests which creates natural habitat for many birds, reptiles and mammals. Mountains, cliffs and dense forests make it a great place for camping and other adventurous activities. Here in this National Park you can see Wild Buffaloes (Mithun) and Hoolock Gibbon which is found only in Nagaland. Apart from this the park also boasts of Tigers, Sloth Bear, Wild Dogs and Flying Squirrels, making it a must visit spot for any tourist coming to this district. The virgin nature of the park adds a lot to its beauty.
Points to cover: Mt Kisa and Puilwa village
- Dzukou Valley- A major attraction in Nagaland is the Dzukou valley. This valley is tucked away at a height of 2438 m behind the Japfu ranges. The valley, also called the ‘Valley of Eternal Charm,’ manages to surprise others with the variety of trees it encompasses. The streams flowing through this valley freeze during winters. This valley adorns pink and white lilies, colorful rhododendrons, euphorbia, aconitum, and several other species of flowers and shrubs. It is one of the best tourist Places in India for adventure lovers.
Dzukou Valley, Nagaland
- Khonoma Green Village- Khonoma ‘Green Village’ is a Rs. 3 crore project sponsored by the Ministry of Tourism, Government of India and the department of Tourism, Government of Nagaland. Since its inauguration by Nagaland Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio on 25th October 2005 it has become a model for all villages in Nagaland and other states to follow. Khonoma, one of the oldest Angami Villages has shown the way for others to follow. This Village lies 20 km west of Kohima.
- Pfutsero- This little township at an altitude of 2233.60m is like a gateway to Southeast Asia with reasonably good surface transport available from Kohima via a 70 km border road. The place is known for its vegetable and fruit products. The people here are known for their wrestling prowess and robust health. They live off agriculture and are known for their adeptness in terrace cultivation – the carved fields for such cultivation are a sight to behold. It is one of the best tourist Places in India for peace lovers.
Points to cover: Glory Peak, Khezhakeno and Phüsachodü
- Mount Saramati- Saramati is a peak rising above the surrounding peaks at the mountainous border of Nagaland state and the Sagaing Region, Burma. It is located near Thanamir Village in the Kiphire District of Nagaland. With a height of 3,826 m and a prominence of 2,885 m, Saramati is one of the ultra prominent peaks of Southeast Asia. It is the abode of one of the Pristine Forest of Nagaland and house to the variety of flora and fauna. It is one of the best tourist Places in India for natute lovers.
Points to cover: Mimi Cave, Fakim Wild Life Sanctuary and Wawade
- Mokokchung- Mokokchung is the land of the Ao Nagas. Although almost all Aos have converted to Christianity, they still maintain their old customs and traditions and their hospitality can be seen during Christmas. This is the time when everyone, irrespective of their financial or social status, welcomes each other warmly in their homes. It is one of the best tourist Places in India for nature lovers.
Points to cover: Ungma Nature Park, Chuchuyimlang and Suteplenden
- Longkhum- In modern times, Longkhum is also called as the ‘Vegetable Capital’ of Nagaland. It was recorded that during the harvest season farmers produce a total of approximately 230 MT of Tomato, 32 MT of Small Potatoes, 33 MT of Chilly and 71 MT of Cabbage. The village leads in the production of Tomatoes which is a major commercial crop for the area and exports to neighboring districts like Kohima and Dimapur and even to the state of Assam. Longkhum is one of the favorite Tourist Destination Villages of Nagaland with so much to offer to the Nature & Adventure Lover with beautiful Trekking Trails leading to Places of tourist interests.
Places to cover: Mata Kimong, Longlangba and Mongzu Ki – Eagle‘s Eyrie
Arunachal Pradesh- Arunachal Pradesh is a mysterious and relatively unexplored land of the Eastern Himalayas, with the beautiful Gori Chen range and Kangto peak towering above the unending carpet of pine tree tops. Arising somewhere from the Assam plains along the Tibetan border, it is entirely a hilly state that lies on the mighty Himalayan and Patkoi ranges and is famously referred to as ‘nature’s treasure trove’. It is endowed with rich biological and cultural diversity. It has limitless beautiful landscapes, trekking trails, and water sports that need to be explored. It is one of the best tourist Places in India for adventurous folks. If you are seeking to step into a world of extraordinary beauty and discover experiences found nowhere on earth, Arunachal Pradesh is the place for you.
Assam- Assam, the land where you sip the best flavors of tea, dip your feet in its mighty rivers, and relax. It is famous throughout the world for its tea; the Kaziranga National Park that conserves the endangered Indian one-horned rhinoceros; Muga silk, which is solely produced in the state; colorful festivals; beautiful temples; and exotic biodiversity. You can witness and experience spectacular landscapes, hospitable locals, exotic cuisines, and artistic heritage. Assam is a mixture of wildlife and complex ethnicity. Spend your holidays in Assam and take back home some of the most wonderful memories to cherish.
Manipur- Manipur (‘Jewelled Land’) sits amid rolling hills stretching to India’s border with Myanmar. It is in the north-eastern part of the country and is listed among one of the most beautiful Places of India. It's a place of great geographical and cultural variety. The state offers endless enjoyment and pleasure with its exotic landscape, undulating hills, green valleys, blue lakes, and dense forests. The Keibul Lamjao National Park in Manipur is the only floating national park in the world. Manipur is well-known in the whole country for its classical folk dance called Raas.
Meghalaya- Called the "Abode of Clouds", Meghalaya is a cool, serene mountain state that separates the Assam valley and the Bangladeshi plains. This hilly Northeastern region is home to Cherrapunjee and Mawsynram- the wettest Places on this planet (Cherrapunjee receives the highest rainfall). Don’t be surprised to see two set of landscapes; one that consists of the lush green, rain-fed forests and the other with barren land due to erosion.
Mizoram- Mizoram is a mountainous state nestled in the southern tip of the north-east region of India. Mizoram is covered with verdant forests dominated by thick bamboo groves, teeming with vibrant wildlife; sheer cliffs; and breath-taking waterfalls. The entire region of Mizoram is dotted with unique Places/landmarks of myriad folklores and picturesque villages with houses built on stilts. Mizoram is a land of dramatic seas of morning mists that enfold islands of hills and peaks. Mizoram is the land of the Highlanders, or the Mizos. For anyone looking for a quiet holiday or outdoor activities in pristine and peaceful setting, Mizoram is a destination worth your while.
Sikkim- Sikkim surprises many with the variety of experiences it has to offer to travelers and its inhabitants. Sikkim is adorned with colorful Buddhist monasteries in the west, lush green valleys in the north, religious stupas in the south, and the urban hustle-bustle in the east. From every corner, Sikkim offers spectacular views of the Khangchendzonga range. The snow-covered mountains, terrace farming, and organic vegetable gardens are not only a visual treat but they also invigorate one's soul by their beauty. One of the best ways to immerse yourself in the unique cultures of the most 3 dominant tribes--Lepchas, Nepalis, and Bhutias--is to opt for a homestay experience. It is one of the best tourist Places in India for honeymooners.
Tripura- The beauty of the erstwhile kingdom of Tripura stems from the splendor of its natural and cultural heritage. There are neither great mountain peaks, nor major rivers in Tripura yet its verdant expanses and rich forest land have had a great attraction for visitors for centuries. Tripura offers a plethora of delightful attractions in its cavalcade of historic Places, rock cut carvings, sculptures, Buddhist and Hindu holy Places, wildlife sanctuaries, and tribal people. Poet laureate Rabindranath Tagore found its pollution-free, eco-friendly environment, pleasant climate and tranquility the perfect retreat to compile some of his works here. Blending into the hills and valleys, the villages are a tapestry of rich ethnic traditions.
You may check more Northeast must visit Places for tourist below:
Places to visit in Dimapur,India
Places to visit on Kohima, India
Places to visit in Diezephe, India
Places to visit in Ntanki National Park, India
Places to visit in Dzukou Valley, India
Places to visit in Kisama, India
Places to visit in Tuopehma, India
Places to visit in Wokha, India
Places to visit in Pfutsero, India
Places to visit in Zunheboto, India
Places to visit in Mt. Saramati, India
Places to visit in Mon, India
Places to visit in Mokokchung, India
Places to visit in Khezhakeno,India
Places to visit in Longkhum, India
Places to visit in Benreu, India
Places to visit in Aizawl, India
Places to visit in Champhai, India
Places to visit in Saiha, India
Places to visit in Lamsai Puk,India
Places to visit in Hmuifang Village, India
Places to visit in Reiek, India
Places to visit in Tezpur, India
Places to visit in Maguri Beel, India
Places to visit in Ukhrul, India
Places to visit in Andro, India
Places to visit in Nongstoin, India
Places to visit in Shillong, India
Places to visit in Ravangla, India
Places to visit in Bomdila, India
Places to visit in Tawang, India
Places to visit in Itanagar, India
Places to visit in Ziro, India
Places to visit in Pasighat, India
Places to visit in Bhalukpong, India
Places to visit in Pakke Wildlife Sanctuary, India
Places to visit in Sessa Orchid Sanctuary, India
Places to visit in Naharlagun, India
Places to visit in Seppa, India
Places to visit in Pilak, India
Places to viist in Gandacherra, India