Located on the northern bank of the Brahmaputra River, the Orang National Park is part of the Darrang and Sonitpur districts of Assam. Sprawling across an area of 78.81 sq. kms, it was declared a National Park on 13 April 1999, though it was established as a sanctuary in 1985. Often referred to as the mini Kaziranga of Assam, Orang National Park also boasts 26 man-made lakes within it. It came to be known as the Orang Tiger Reserve after becoming the 49th tiger reserve in India under Project Tiger. Its comparison with the Kaziranga National Park can be attributed to the fact that the two parks have a similar landscape that constitutes marshes, streams, and grasslands. The Great Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros can be found in both, besides pygmy hog, elephants, wild buffalo, and tigers.
How to reach
Orang National Park is at a distance of 140kms from Guwahati, Tezpur and Mangaldai are 32 and 68 km from here, respectively. It takes about 1.5 hours to reach here from Mangaldai. Public buses and rental cars are easily available from Guwahati and other nearby cities. Within the sanctuary, you can travel around through the safaris that are arranged by the forest department. In fact, taking jeep safaris is one of the most popular tourist activities here. Many visitors also choose to take a tour of the villages that are located on the fringes of the sanctuary.
By Air: The nearest airport is at Salonibari village is Tezpur, which is at a distance of approximately 60 km from the national park. Road connectivity is quite smooth between the airport and Orang National Park.
By Rail: Saloni and Rangapara are the nearest railway stations, which are also well-connected to by road to Orang National Park.
By Road: An integrated network of roads connects various major cities of India to Orang National Park. You can avail of several government and private owned vehicles at frequent intervals to reach the national park.
One-horned rhino spotted at Orang National Park
Best time to visit Orang National Park
The ideal months to plan a trip to Orang National Park are from November to April. The weather is cool and pleasant during this time of the year. Once summer sets in, the weather gets very hot and humid, making it unsuitable for sightseeing. Even during monsoon, the weather continues to be extremely humid, coupled with moderate rainfall, which makes the months between June and October quite an undesirable time for a visit to Orang National Park.
To-do activities in Orang National Park
Places to visit in Orang National Park:
- Madan Kamdev Temple- Built between the 9th and 10th century, this temple is an archeological site located in the Kamrup district of Assam. You can check out the excavated ruins here, such as the idols of the Pala dynasty of Kamarupa.
- Sualkuchi village- Often referred to as the ‘Silk Haven,’ this village lies at a distance of about 30 km from Guwahati. It is known for producing the most beautiful silk sarees. Several slim weavers are settled in this 17th century village where tourist can experience the actual process of weaving these attractive fabrics.
- Nameri National Park- located at the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas in the Sonitpur District of Assam, this is the third largest National Park of Assam. If you are planning a visit to the Orang National Park, you should also plan a visit to Nameri.
Activities to do in Orang National Park:
- Spotting Wildlife- This is a must-do if you find yourself amidst the swampy grasslands of Assam. It not only hosts several different endangered species but also elephants and tigers. If you are lucky enough, you might spot a one-horned rhino, Indian hog deer, wild boar, and varieties of snakes. The timings to avail a safari are between 10 am and 5 pm.
- Bird Watching- The safari ride amidst the jungles might allow you to spot around 200 species of birds, some of the common ones being heron, Bengal florican, pelican, kingfisher, golden eagle, and many more.
- Elephant ride- This is usually arranged by the forest department and is one of the most enjoyable ways to experience the wilderness of the wildlife reserve.
- Cruise ride- If you take a cruise ride on the Brahmaputra River, you can explore the Park in a different manner. Initiated by the Assam Bengal Navigation Luxury Cruise, this cruise service has received huge accolades amongst tourists.
So what are you waiting for? Pack your bags today and indulge yourself within the beauty and tranquility of the wilderness. Head straight to Orang National Park!