Naga cuisine is the traditional cuisine of the Naga people. It features meats and fish, which are often smoked, dried or fermented. The various Naga peoples have their own cuisines, but often exchange recipes. A typical Naga meal consists of Rice, a meat dish, one or two boiled vegetable dishes, and a chutney/pickle (Tathu). Rice is the main carbohydrate source in the Naga diet and this region produces a number of prized rice varieties, but rice is also imported into the region from other states.
Dried/smoked meat forms is a very important role in cuisine and has practical significance for sustenance farmers/foragers and hunters. Smoked meat will often be kept for an entire year and provides food security for individual families. Nagas tend to prefer boiled edible organic leaves and wild forage still makes up a large part of the diet of many Naga regions. Naga food tends to be spicy and there are several different varieties of chilies in Nagaland.
Famous dishes of Nagaland:
Fermented bamboo shoots- Made from tender shoot of the Bamboo tree are often served with fish and pork.
Axone soybeans- Soybeans which are boiled, fermented and either smoked or sun dried, often served with smoked pork and beef.
Smoked meat- Meat produced by keeping the meat above a fire or hanging on the wall of the kitchen for anywhere between 1 day to 2 weeks or longer.
Anishi – They are fermented taro leaves made into patties and then smoked over the fire or sun dried.
Yongjack- Long tree beans often eaten roasted over coals, and are often traded in bunches.
Akibiye- Dish made with colocasia and bamboo shoot which is mostly enjoyed by the Sema community in Nagaland. It has thick gravy and goes best with rice.