The Kaziranga Elephant Festival is an annual elephant festival held in the Kaziranga National Park of Assam for the conservation and shelter of Asiatic elephant. This festival is mutually organized by the Forest Department and Tourism Department of Assam. Hundreds of native Asiatic elephants, adorned from head to toe, partake in the program. The elephants take part in parade, football races and dance receiving applause from the spectators. The Asian elephant is also called Asiatic elephant, is the only living species of the genus Elephants and are spread throughout the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, Nepal in the north, India in the west, Sumatra in the south, and to Borneo in the east.
Three subspecies are recognized
• E. m. maximus from Sri Lanka
• E. m. indicus from mainland Asia
• E. m. sumatranus from the island of Sumatra
The Asian elephant is the biggest living land animal in Asia. Since 1986, the Asian elephant has been recorded as Endangered on the IUCN Red List. The population has fallen by at least 50 percent over the last three generations, estimated to be 60–75 years. In 2003, the wild population was likely in the middle of 41,410 and 52,345 individuals. Female captive elephants have lived beyond 60 years after being kept in semi-natural surroundings, such as forest camps. Generally the Asian elephant is smaller than the African bush elephant and has the highest body point on the head. The rear is convex or level. The ears are small with dorsal borders folded sideways. It has up-to 20 pairs of ribs and 34 caudal vertebrae. The feet have more nail-like features than those of African elephants—five on each forefoot, and four on each hind foot. Kaziranga National Park of Assam is a national park in the Golaghat, Karbi Anglong and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam, India.