Naharkatia is the commercial town of Dibrugarh District, which has many tea gardens and villages. Today, this town is emerging as a popular picnic spot in Dibrugarh district. It is well known for petroleum and gas reserves.
The town is an amalgamation of many communities, mainly Assamese, Bengali, Indian Gorkha, Rajasthan, Bihari and many Marwari people reside in the town area. Buddhist descendants of a Mongolian tribe known as Phakials or Tai-Phakes, also reside outside the town. Their village houses a Buddhist monastery and handicrafts woven by them are very beautiful. The monastery is a tourist attraction and is considered to be meditation center in a serene atmosphere. The town is more attractive due to tea estates.
One can also visit the beautiful villages, including Namphake, Sasoni Gojpuria, Merill Eco-Tourism, and Gobhuro Dolong, located in the close vicinity of the town. Another interesting spot in the town, the Vainavi Satra founded by Sriram Ata, is a religious site. Near Naharkatiya, historical Tipam and Namrup (derived from Namruk) rest. The oldest oil pool is located there.
A few distance away from the town is the historic Jeypore Rainforest, which is a must visit place. This forest is home to the Royal Bengal tiger, leopards, wild cats and many other wildlife creatures. The simple lifestyle of the village people living here is really very heart touching.
Naharkatia got its name from a historical tragic incident in which Prince Nahar was beheaded by an Ahom noble named Kalia. It was frequented by many Indian royals, including Austric King Sung-Saumara, Kachari kings Bicharpatipha, Tai-Ahom kings Chaolung Siukapha, Siukhampha alias Khora Raja during the attack of Koch General Chilarai on the capital Gargaon in 1562.
Visit Naharkatia town during the Durga Puja festival to experience the grand way in which the occasion is celebrated here. The town illuminates with lights all around and processions are arranged on the last day of the Puja.