Auniati Satra was established in Majuli in 1653 A.D. by the Ahom King Sutamla. Sri Sri Auniati Satra occupied the highest position amongst the various Satras of Assam in the eyes of the Ahom Kings. The slightly elevated land of Majuli, where this Satra was established, was full of a kind of betel creeper plant). Hence, Auni means betel creeper plant and Ati means elevated place. There from the name Auniati Satra came into being.
With around 550 residents of udasin vaishnavs, it has been the epicenter of the Vaishnavism and Satriya culture in Assam. The idol which receives daily worship in the Satra Temple (Manikuta) is the idol of Lord Krishna called Govinda. In addition to the regular holy practices in the Satra, numerous literary pursuits like biographical works of the Vaishnavite Saints, cultural compositions of 'bhaonas', 'Satriya songs and dances', religious publications and preaching related to religious and societal works are the core activities of the Auniati Satra.
The Satriya ritual activities of the Auniati Satra include Sharana, Bhajan, Nam-Prasanga, religious festivals and related devotional performances for the pleasure of Lord Govinda. One of the significant festivals of Sri Sri Auniati Satra is Palnaam, commencing from the 25th day of Assamese Kartika Month to the 29th day of the same. Thousands of followers (disciples) gather in the main Majuli satra for offering their prayers during these days.
The Satra has a circular structure with a row of houses called Baha at the periphery and the Namghara (Temple) and Manikuta at the center of it. The Satradhikar (Main Preceptor) resides just near the premises of the Temple. The Deka Satradhikar (Second Preceptor) resides in the middle part of the north line and Govinda Puriya (Third Perceptor) resides in the middle part of the east line. All Bhaktas live on the four lines of the Satra.