Pashupatinath temple in Nepal

Celebration of faith: Pashupatinath Mandir in Nepal

Author: Tanuja Rai
Date: 2020-03-26

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Nepal is a stunning small landlocked country with rich culture, multiple languages and faiths in the South of Asia in between India and China. This beautiful country is cosily tucked and sits comfortably on the foothills of gigantic Himalayas. Eight out of ten tallest mountains in the world can be found in Nepal not to forget the tallest mountain in the world, the majestic Mt Everest. Mt Everest is one of the prides of Nepal and is locally called as ‘Sagarmatha’. Apart from the mountains and the picturesque views that it provides, Nepal is well known for its culture, traditions, heritage, religious places and splendid natural beauty of the country not to forget the rich variety of wildlife and biodiversity. Nepal is a diverse country with people belonging to different ethnic groups but is united by the love of nation. The nature has been extra kind to her and showered the country with abundant natural beauty but Nepal is also known around the globe for ancient temples. Tourism has expanded since last few decades in Nepal and many visitors come to the country just to see these ancient temples in Nepal. In every corner of streets in the capital city of Nepal, you will find a shrine or two. Many ancient temples are situated in the capital city of Nepal Kathmandu, and it is often referred to as the city of temples in Nepal. One of the oldest and holiest of all is the Pashupatinath temple in Nepal.

2. Stunning view of the valleys and mountain ranges in Nepal

Stunning view of the valleys and mountain ranges in Nepal

The Pashupatinath temple in Nepal is not merely a single temple standing tall in the middle of the city. Many small temples and buildings are also built around the main temple and they altogether form the Pashupatinath Mandir Complex. Like many other ancient temples and buildings in Nepal, this complex is also a part of UNESCO Heritage Site. The whole complex including Pashupatinath temple is formed with the total of 518 temples, structures, shrines and buildings. The year is not exactly known in which the Pashupatinath temple, locally called as the Pashupatinath Mandir was built in Nepal but it is believed to have been built at around 400BC in 4th Century. This mandir was never always the way it is now. It has been renovated by many kings in the past. The Pashupatinath temple is one of the most visited places in Nepal and the natives believe that whoever prays with pure heart and no evil in mind, all his wishes will come true.

3. Pashupatinath Temple in Nepal

Pashupatinath Temple in Nepal

Many theories are made about how this temple in Nepal had come into existence in the beginning. All the myths, theories and legends point towards the Shiva Lingam inside the temple. The people worship the lingam inside the mandir for which the Pashupatinath temple was built. All these legends are the stories about how the Shiva Lingam came into existence in that area. Some of these legends are the cow legend, Kamadhenu legend, Licchavi, Devalaya legend and other beliefs. Each legend has different story and the most famous of them all is the cow legend. Many people in Nepal believe that once Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati took the form of an antelope and started wandering deep in the forest. They were so stunned by the beauty of the forest in Nepal that they stayed there for a long time. Other Gods started searching for them and after finding them, they grabbed Lord Shiva or Pashupatinath by his horn when he was in his form of an antelope. The locals of Nepal believe that the horn broke and fell down on the ground and as the time passed it got buried inside the earth. Centuries later a cow in that area started showering the ground with her milk, when herdsman dug the earth he found the horn of that antelope. The people of Nepal started worshipping it as Shiva Lingam and hence the Pashupatinath temple in Nepal was built and the lingam was placed in the temple.

4. Pashupatinath Mandir Complex in Nepal

Pashupatinath Mandir Complex in Nepal

The Pashupatinath temple in Nepal is beautiful and looks ancient. The artisans in the past had carved wooden windows and doors exquisitely that it still shines and looks sharp today as if they are newly made. Old bricks and beautifully carved wooden balconies, doors and windows make this temple look extremely precious and attractive. The Pashupatinath temple in Nepal is a two storey building with roofs covered with copper and gold sheets. This temple has four doors that are covered with silver sheets and a pinnacle of gold. People believe that the Lord Pashupatinath or Lord Shiva has blessed the temple and resides there. The inside of Pashupatinath temple has two rooms where the idol of the Lord Pashupatinath is placed and a bronze idol of Nandi bull is kept near the door. The bull named Nandi is believed to be the sacred vehicle or vahana of Pashupatinath. The other temples of Nepal in the surroundings are designed like the way they build Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva temples. The main idol in the complex is a stone deity that has faces which represents Lord Shiva or the Pashupatinath’s various aspects. These faces are Sadyojata, Vamadeva, Tatpurusha, Aghora and Ishana; these faces represent five primary elements, space, air, fire, water and earth.

5. Lord Kirateswar idol inside Pashupatinath temple

Lord Kirateswar idol inside Pashupatinath temple

The Shiva idol inside Pashupatinath temple in Nepal is always covered with golden cover but not during prayers. Pashupatinath temple in Nepal is one of the four important and famous temples in Asia and devotees of Lord Shiva from all around the world come to Nepal to offer prayers and get blessings. During your trip to Nepal visiting Pashupatinath temple along with other temples and ancient structures and buildings in Kathmandu is a must. It is believed that only fortunate people gets chance to visit the complex and the one who prays selflessly in these temples and also in Pashupatinath mandir, will be blessed throughout their life and will never have to be born as animal. People believe that whoever prays and circumnavigates these temples with pure heart in Nepal will be born again as human if they have to. It is also an opportunity to be able to witness these beauties standing tall and strong from so many centuries ago.

The best time to visit Pashupatinath temple and the city Kathmandu is from September to the mid or end of December. The skies become clear at these times of the year and you will not only be able to visit places of attractions in Nepal but also be able to witness the picturesque views of the Himalayan ranges and the gigantic Mt Everest. Pashupatinath Mandir Complex is flooded with devotees and visitors from all around the globe during the month of February in Shivaratri. People who worship Lord Shiva or Lord Pashupatinath in Shivaratri are believed to be blessed by the lord. Grand celebrations and pujas take place in Nepal during this time of the year. One of the common things you will be able to see at Pashupatinath Mandir Complex is the Sadhus or the wandering holy men. Sadhus are the people who have cut off all their attachments with the world, sacrificed their wealth, home, and everything they once possessed with the purpose of being close to god. When you visit Pashupatinath temple in Nepal you will surely encounter Sadhus. The Pashupatinath temple and the complex as a whole is a combination of ancient beauty exquisitely made, tranquility, spirituality and wonderful experience. Now you wouldn’t want to miss that, would you?

6. Sadhus sitting outside Pashupatinath temple in Nepal

Sadhus sitting outside Pashupatinath temple in Nepal

While indulging yourself in adventurous activities in Nepal during your trip, going to places like Pashupatinath temple in Kathmandu will help you find tranquility and a peace of mind. Why only rush towards the materialistic things in the world? You must visit the Pashupatinath Mandir Complex and find yourself standing in between structures and buildings built centuries ago. If you are someone interested in history and historical sites do not miss the opportunity of visiting Pashupatinath Mandir Complex in Nepal. You can always merge in the peaceful atmosphere of the environment in Pashupatinath temple and indulge in spiritual activities like meditation, worship and prayers. Visit popular places of attractions and the holy Pashupatinath Mandir Complex in Nepal and be stunned by seeing what these places have to offer. Nepal is a small country in Asia but blessed with immense natural beauty, protected and guarded by the giant mountains; the rich culture, delicious cuisine, interesting history and religious sites magnetizes people from everywhere.



  • shivani     April 07, 2022

Thank you so much for sharing all this wonderful info with us. It is so appreciated.

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