Darrang is an administrative district in the state of Assam in northeastern India. Darrang’s district headquarters is located at Mangaldoi. This district occupies an area of 1585 km2.
The name Darrang was derived from the Bodo word Dourang, which means 'Lilabhumi' (Playground) of Gods. In other sources, according to the scholar Dineswar Sarma, the word Darrang came from the word Dawrang which means 'Gateway' since there was a direct entry to Bhutan from Assam and from there to Nepal and China onwards. Gradually this came to be known as Darrang. The places falling under Darrang administrative district consisted of a large area and are at present reorganized into 6 subdivisions namely Bhergaon, Udalguri, Mangaldai, Tezpur, Gahpur , and Biswanath Chariali.
Darrang consists of places that fall into a narrow strip of plain land which lies between the Himalayas and the Brahmaputra River in the north-west part of Assam. The places which now come under Darrang district were included in the Hindu Kingdom of Kamrupa as mentioned in Mahabharata. This trivia is a selling point for a tourist exploring offbeat tours in Assam. Its antiquity dates back to the beginning of the sixteenth century when the Koch King Nar Narayan incorporated this district into his Kingdom. In 1637, the Ahom Kingdom was established in the places belonging to this land after the death of the then Koch King Bali Narayana. In 1792, Darrang Raja was defeated by an expeditionary force under the command of Captain Welsh and in 1826, Darrang with the rest of Assam passed under the British rule. As a tourist in Darrang, learning and knowing about the history of the region can help provide more value to the experience.
The climate and overall temperature of Darrang district is congenial. In the winter, the northern part of the district is colder than the rest of the district since it is covered by the hills and forests of Udalguri District. The average temperature ranges from 10o to 30o C. Average annual rainfall is about 2120 mm.
The soil of Darrang district is very fertile for cultivation and the main crops sown are paddy, oilseeds, sugarcane and jute. These places are also well known for their considerable tea productions which can be organized into tours for a tourist seeking to learn more about tea. The main horticultural products are orange, coconut, pineapple etc. In addition, the district is rich with size able production of vegetables.